Description: Cap inserted up to six hours before intercourse in order to block sperm
Longevity: Can be used multiple times for up to two years
Benefits: Does not alter body's natural hormones, cannot be felt
Problems: Not only does it have to be manually inserted, but there is a risk of infection or allergic reaction. The cap is only 86% effective, and cannot be used if the user has recently given birth.
Birth Control Implant
Description: Thin plastic implant inserted into upper arm
Longevity: Lasts up to four years
Benefits: continuous long lasting birth control, works for women not taking estrogen, works for women breastfeeding, nothing needs to be consumed, and nothing needs to be inserted before intercourse.
Problems: irregular bleeding/change in periods, change in sex drive discoloring or scarring of the skin over the implant headache rarely, an infection or pain in the arm, nausea, pain at the insertion site, sore breasts ,weight gain
Description: A T-shaped structure inserted into the uterus
Longevity: Lasts up to 12 years
Benefits: Non-hormonal, reversible, no matience required-- the only time you have to deal with it is to remove it
Problems: Can cause changes in period, as well as increased cramps. Also known for painful insertion/removal that can only be done by a gynocologist.
Birth Control Patch
Description: Small patch that sticks to your skin to prevent pregnancy
Cost: $0-80 a month
Longevity: Lasts a month at a time
Benefits: Easy to get without perscription. Can help with a lot of side effects from menstruation, and is 91% effective if taken correctly. Can also be stopped at any time without seeing a doctor.
Problems: Bleeding, nausea, vomiting, decreased sex drive, certain demographics at high risk for blood clots
Birth Control Pill
Description: A pill that is taken daily by the user that prevents pregnancy
Cost: $0-50 a month
Longevity: Lasts a month, but can be stopped at any time
Benefits: Can help with a lot of side effects from menstruation, and is 99% effective if taken correctly. Can also be stopped at any time without seeing a doctor.
Problems: Less effective if you are overweight, you could forget to take a pill, and cannot be taken with the following medications: the antibiotic rifampin — other antibiotics do not make the pill less effective, the antifungal griseofulvin — other antifungals do not make the pill less effective, certain HIV medicines certain, anti-seizure medicines, St. John's wort
Description: Ring inserted 3 weeks at a time to prevent pregnancy
Cost: $0-80 per month
Longevity: Lasts for 3 weeks
Benefits: Reduces hormonal side effects from menstruation, easy to insert/remove
Problems: Can cause irregular bleeding or discomfort, and an increased risk of infection. Perscription is required.
Birth control shot
Description: An injection into the arm that prevents pregnancy
Cost: $0-100 per shot
Longevity: Lasts up to 3 months
Benefits: Safe, easy, private, does not contain estrogen, and can help prevent cancer
Problems: Can not take if you have breast cancer, fragile bones, or are taking aminoglutethamide to treat Cushing's syndrome. Side effects include: changes in periods, sex drive, appitite, weight gain, depression, migraines, hair loss/growth, nausea, sore breasts
Description: Sponge inserted up to six hours before intercourse in order to block sperm
Cost: $0-15 for a pack of three sponges
Longevity: One time use only
Benefits: Does not alter body's natural hormones, cannot be felt, and is relatively inexpensive
Problems: Not only does it have to be manually inserted, but there is a risk of infection or allergic reaction.